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"Sam Jonesís possessions consist of a group of several islands, differing in size and separated by narrow slices. Upon the largest of these [Long Key], is about one hundred and fifty yards in width and half a mile in length, are three villages and dancing-grounds...."
                                                         
From a military engineer's report in 1841

Sam Jones was the Americanized name for the powerful Seminole leader, Abiaka. Although a medicine man, he is remembered more as a warrior and military planner. Abiaka is given credit for masterminding Seminole victories in many battles, including two in 1837:  the Battle of Okeechobee and the Battle of Pine Island Ridge against U. S. troops led by Major William Lauderdale.

Much more of the historical record is on display at the Nature Center. Additional Seminole resources can be reached via on our Links page.

 

 




1897 survey map of the islands
 



"Sam Jones" Seminole camp on Long Key
 Source: State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory


Photograph of Seminole families at nearby Pine Island
Source: State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory
 



Photograph of Seminole village near Fort Lauderdale
Source: State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory


"Downtown" Pioneer City
(Source: Wikipedia)

 


Kapok Tree restaurant, since demolished


Kapok Tree restaurant menu

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